What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is a reproductive system disorder in women caused by the increased production of androgen hormones. They are male reproductive hormones present in small amounts in females. Increased production of these hormones, such as testosterone in women, causes symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, excessive hair growth, and formation of ovarian cysts. PCOS is treated using lifestyle modifications and medicines such as contraceptive pills.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
The commonly known signs and symptoms of PCOS include;
- Irregular Periods
- Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
- Excess Hair Growth/ Hirsutism
- Acne, Oiliness, or Dandruff
- Weight Gain or Difficulty Losing Weight
- Darkening of the Skin
- Skin Tags
- Thinning Hair or Male-Pattern Baldness
- Fertility Problems
- Polycystic Ovaries
- Mood Changes
- Sleep Problems
If you develop any of these symptoms, consult a top gynecologist immediately to avoid complications.
What are the Causes of PCOS?
There is no definite cause of polycystic ovary syndrome. However, the factors contributing to the disease are;
Insulin Resistance: People with insulin resistance are more likely to develop PCOS. This can raise insulin levels, possibly leading to higher androgen (male hormone) production, affecting ovulation.
Hormonal Imbalance: Women with hormonal imbalances have greater chances of getting high androgen levels at some stage. An increased male reproductive hormone disrupts egg development and its release from the ovaries.
Inflammation: PCOS is related to increased body inflammation, potentially tied to insulin resistance and elevated androgens.
Genetics: Women with a family history of polycystic ovary syndrome are more prone to the disease than others.
Environmental Factors: Diet, lifestyle, and exposure to certain toxins contribute to PCOS, though research continues.
Effective Home Remedies for PCOS
Treating polycystic ovarian syndrome involves using medicines to regulate hormones and menstrual bleeding. Hormone therapy can also be initiated depending on the severity of the symptoms and therapeutic goals. Home remedies can help manage symptoms of PCOS, but they are not considered a replacement for medical treatment.
Some of the home remedies for polycystic ovary syndrome are;
A balanced diet consisting of lean proteins, whole grains, healthy fats, and fresh fruits and vegetables helps manage the symptoms of PCOS.
Foods with a low glycemic index can also help stabilize blood sugar spikes and reduce insulin resistance.
Examples of PCOS friendly diet include;
- Whole grains
- Non-starchy vegetables
- Fish (salmon, mackerel)
In addition, foods with anti-inflammatory properties also assist in treating PCOS naturally at home.
Some studies suggest that cinnamon can enhance insulin sensitivity, which is particularly important for women with PCOS. This helps regulate blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, which increases the risk of hormonal imbalances.
Cinnamon is anti-inflammatory, which makes it beneficial for managing inflammation-related symptoms often associated with PCOS.
Spearmint tea has gained attention for its potential benefits in regulating the symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Drinking spearmint tea regularly might help reduce testosterone levels in women with PCOS. Elevated androgen levels are associated with PCOS symptoms such as acne, hirsutism (excess hair growth), and irregular menstrual cycles.
If you include spearmint tea in your diet, notice any changes in your symptoms, such as menstrual irregularities.
If you notice that your symptoms are worsening, consult a gynecologist in Lahore immediately.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is a remedy commonly used for weight and blood sugar management. This indirectly helps reduce the complications associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. ACV can be added to the diet as a morning drink after dilution with water. It can also be added as a seasoning in salads. Apple cider vinegar is safe in moderate amounts. Its excessive usage can cause adverse effects such as bone loss or digestive health issues.
People with obesity have an increased risk of developing PCOS. Obesity affects many diseases, including cardiovascular illnesses, type 2 diabetes, and joint issues. These issues complicate the symptoms of the disease. Studies indicate that a 5-10% reduction in body weight can improve symptoms and reduce insulin resistance. Weight management techniques include exercising and following a diet plan. However, avoid crash dieting as it can cause severe complications.
Stress-reducing techniques can play an important role in managing the symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). High-stress levels can contribute to insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances, which are common in PCOS.
Stress management techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep-breathing exercises can reduce cortisol levels, a stress hormone linked to insulin resistance, and thus manage PCOS.
Polycystic ovary disease is a common reproductive disorder in females. It leads to the development of cysts in ovaries and causes irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding along with other symptoms. Seek consultation and try the listed home remedies to manage your symptoms. These remedies are, however, not a substitute for pharmacological treatment.